Sourdough in Canada is a native aboriginal people, who are expected to arrive from Asia thousands of years ago through the land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. Four hundred years ago, the pilgrims from France and Britain began to explore the country in earnest, Permanent settlement by these two nations began in the early 1600s.
Up until World War II, most immigrants came from the British Isles or eastern Europe. But since 1945, Canada's cultural more diverse with increasing numbers of immigrants from various countries of Southern Europe, Asia, South America and the Caribbean, with the greatest of the Asia-Pacific region.
Today, Canada consists of 10 provinces and two territories, which are mostly populated by Canadians whose ancestors came from almost all corners of the world.
1000 - 1755
The Vikings are the first Europeans in North America.
Italian-born navigator John Cabot arrived on the coast of Newfoundland from Cape Breton and claims the land for Britain.
Jacques Cartier river roam St. Lawrence, claiming the Gulf coast St. Lawrence for France.
Newfoundland became the first British colonies abroad.
Fur trade rivalry between the French, English and Dutch; Europeans take advantage of competition between Indian tribes to form an alliance.
Samuel de Champlain established a fortified trading post at the castle buildings in Québec.
New French company established to govern and exploit "New France" - France's colonies in North America.
Hudson's Bay Company established by the merchants of London. The company holds trademark rights over the areas irrigated river which empties into the Hudson Bay.
Thirty Indian tribes signed a peace treaty with France near Montreal.
Akkadian delegates who refused to swear allegiance moved from Nova Scotia. About half of the nation Akkadian dead.
Seven Years' War begins, between New France and the British colonies larger and economically more powerful. After France won at first, the occupation of Quebec falls in 1759 and the British move on to Montreal.
Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain gained all French colonies east of the Mississippi including New France became a colony of Quebec.
Quebec Act recognizes the French language and the Roman Catholic religion in the colony.
Fur traders in Montreal set up the North West Company. The company is building a network of trading posts across the western and northern regions; expedition reached the Pacific coast.
1783 - 1784
Refugees loyalists of the American War of Independence settle in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Quebec.
Quebec is divided into Lower Canada (now Quebec) and Upper Canada (now Ontario).
Increased immigration flows. Thousands of newcomers from England, Scotland and Ireland arrive each year.
War of 1812 between the United States and Britain, particularly due to the perceived US against the British blockade on the ports of France. Events occur including naval battle between the Great Lakes (Great Lakes) and the US attack on the city of York (now Toronto). But the US fails to realize its plans to invade Canada.
Bank of Montréal, the first permanent bank in British North America stood.
Hudson's Bay Company and North West Company merge after tough competition over the years turned into a bloodbath.
The first railway line in Canada between the Champlain and St. Lawrence opened.
Persenjata rebellion in Lower Canada and Upper Canada, due to dissatisfaction with the governing elites, poverty and social divisions.
Formation of the United Province of Canada reunite Canada East (Lower) and Canada West (Upper).
Oregon Border Treaty was held between British North America and the United States at the 49 north latitude.
Union of Canada
Act British North America unites Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in the Dominion of Canada.
Louis Riel founded the Comité National des Métis to protect the rights of the mix and play a role in fomenting the Red River Rebellion. The court and the execution of her cause debate.
Manitoba became the fifth Canadian province, followed by British Columbia in 1871 and Prince Edward Island in 1873.
Canadian Pacific railroad is completed.
The first Stanley Cup contested.
1896 until 1889
Klondike Gold Rush.
Alberta and Saskatchewan became provinces of the 8th and 9th Canada.
Captain J.E. Bernier proclaimed Canadian sovereignty over the whole of the Arctic islands to Canada, from the mainland to the North Pole.
World War I. Canada fought on the side of Britain and France. A number of French-speaking Canadians to be cautious against such a move.
Agnes Campbell MacPhail became the first woman to be elected to Parliament.
1921 - 1922
Frederick Banting and Charles Best discovered insulin to treat diabetes.
Autonomy from Britain
Statute of Westminster giving full autonomy to all the British dominions.
World War II broke out. Canadian armed forces fight in Italy, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Hong Kong and the Atlantic Ocean.
Canada expressed the same status as the United Kingdom in the organization of the Commonwealth.
Canada became a founding member of NATO. Newfoundland was formerly a British dominion became a province of Canada.
Saskatchewan Health Care Coverage Bill became the first program in North America that provides protection to everyone ..
The inauguration of the Canadian flag as they are now used, replacing the flag that incorporates elements of the British flag.
Pierre Trudeau of the Liberal party wins federal elections. At the provincial level, formed the Parti Quebecois (PQ) is fighting for full independence of Quebec.
Members of radical Quebec separatist group, the Front de Liberation du Quebec, kidnap a British trade official and murder a Quebec minister.
Parti Quebecois won a provincial election in Quebec.
The referendum on the separation of Quebec is defeated.
Terry Fox Marathon of Hope run start in Saint John's, Newfoundland, to raise money for cancer research. The Marathon managed to raise $ 23 million.
British transfer power fully to Canadian law. Canada create a new constitution which includes the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms.
1984 - Today
Trudeau retired. The general election was won by the Progressive Conservatives under Brian Mulroney.
Canada and the United States agreed to hold free trade.
Canada, United States and Mexico completed the requirements of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Mulroney resigned and was replaced by Kim Campbell, the first woman Prime Minister in Canada. Parliament ratified NAFTA. Campbell called for a general election but lost most of the Liberal party. Jean Chretien becomes Prime Minister.
The referendum in Quebec reject independence with only a 1% difference in the sound.
Territory of Nunavut is formed in the northwest. The area is a region inhabited by a majority of the first Canadian natives.
Chretien elected as Prime Minister of Canada for a third term.
The leaders of countries across the Americas meet in Canada at the Summit of the Americas. They reaffirmed their commitment to build the largest free trade zone in the world before 2005.
Jean Chretien retires after holding the post for 10 years. Paul Martin was sworn in as Prime Minister.
Liberal Party under Prime Minister Paul Martin was elected for the fourth time. The results of elections won by the liberal party government as a minority government, the first time in 25 years.
On January 23, the Conservative Party of Canada, under the leadership of Stephen Harper, wins the federal election and formed a minority government. Paul Martin resigns as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.
In June, Prime Minister Harper apologized on behalf of all Canadians on the Indian settlers Schools system which forced children go to boarding school.
In October, Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party won the general election both to reshape the minority government.